The author of Ephesians in my opinion is Paul, the themes and languages are common in His earlier letters. Moderns claim Ephesians was written by a student of Paul, trying to copy His style. Ephesians and Colossians are very similar, the verbal similarities with Colossians are most easily explained by assuming Paul is the author of both.The imprisonment mentioned in ,3:1 and 6:20, is the same as referred to in Colossians 4:3, 10, 18; and is probably Paul two year house arrest in Rome (AD 60-62) as recorded in Acts 28.
Ephesus was the capital of the Roman province of Asia on the west coast. It was an important civic movement and home to one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It was also home to the goddess Diana. Like the letters to the Romans, Ephesians provided a special view into Paul’s thought, since He had the luxury of addressing important issues without distraction, such as he had in Galicia. The main focus in Ephesians is the “Mystery of the Church”. The Church of God’s new humanity, a colony where the Lord of history has established a for taste of the renewed unity and dignity of the human race (1: 10-14; 2:11-23, 3:6, 9,11; 4:1, 6, 9, above all the church is the Bride preparing for the approach of her lover and Husband.
As we begin this study in the Greek; verses 1:3-14 is one long sentence, but I will be doing one verse at a time, keeping the context. This sentence is an expansion of the condensed praise of God’s purpose as list in Romans 8: 28-30, Praise goes to the Father who elects (V.4-6) the Son who redeems (V.7-12), and the Spirit who seals (V. 13-14) Here we see the encompassing of the Holy Trinity. Paul reflects on the believers election from the past, their forgiveness in the present, and their future inheritance. The believers key thought through Ephesians should be the on the intimate union the God has established between Christ and His people.